Emerald is another one of the beautiful gemstones we have here at Lee Dorn Jewelers. Emeralds are a gem-quality specimen of the beryl mineral family with a rich, distinctly green color. They are found in metamorphic and sedimentary rocks in a small number of locations worldwide. For over5000 years, emeralds have been over one of the most desirable and valuable-colored stones. The Emerald serves as the birthstone for people who were born in May and is also known as the traditional 20th wedding anniversary gift.
Emeralds, along with ruby and sapphire, form the “big three” of colored stones. The “big three” generate more economic activity than all other colored stones combined.
Emerald’s Green Color
Emerald’s green color comes from Beryl, the mineral of which emerald is a variety. This is mainly colorless and known as goshenite. It has trace amounts of chromium in the mineral causing it to develop a green color. Trace amounts of iron will tint emerald a bluish-green or a yellowish-green color depending upon its oxidation state. Emerald is defined by its green color. If the stone is greenish-blue it is an aquamarine and if it is a greenish-yellow it is a heliodor. Ensuring that the emerald has a rich green color is important.
Emeralds are fragile stones that are best worn as rings, earrings, or pendants. They have a hardness of 7.5 to 8 on the MOHS hardness scale, which is a very good hardness yet many emeralds contain numerous inclusions or surface-reaching fractures. These can weaken the gem, cause it to be brittle, and make it subject to breakage. These are expected characteristics of emerald though. It is rare to find an emerald that does not have inclusions and surface-reaching fractures that can be seen with the unaided eye.
Where Emerald Is Found
Most Emerald originates in Colombia, Zambia, Brazil, Ethiopia, and Zimbabwe. These countries reliably produce commercial amounts of emeralds. Very few emeralds have been mined in the United States. North Carolina has been a sporadic producer of emeralds in small quantities from a few tiny mines since the late 1800s.
There are imitation emeralds or emerald alternatives on the market that often have a similar appearance to the natural gem. These imitations are often manufactured to serve as substitutes while maintaining the full price.
If you have that special birthday, that special someone, or just because, we have a wide variety of Emerald Jewelry that we will be happy to show you, or you can customize something special. Come in, call, or contact us today.